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Hari Singh Kashmir Agreement with India

Hari Singh Kashmir Agreement with India: A Historical Overview

The Hari Singh Kashmir Agreement with India is a significant event in the history of India and Pakistan. This agreement, signed on October 26, 1947, brought the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir under the control of India. This move has been the subject of controversy and conflict ever since. In this article, we will explore the background, events, and consequences of the Hari Singh Kashmir Agreement.

Background

Before understanding the Hari Singh Kashmir Agreement, we must understand the context of the times. In 1947, India was on the brink of independence from the British Empire. However, the partition of India and Pakistan was imminent, and Kashmir was a princely state that was yet to decide which country it would join. Hari Singh was the ruler of the state, and tensions were high between the Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs living in the region.

Events

The events leading up to the Hari Singh Kashmir Agreement began with Pakistan`s invasion of the region on October 22, 1947. The Pakistan Army hoped to capture the territory before Hari Singh could decide to join India. However, Hari Singh had already signed an Instrument of Accession with India on October 26, 1947. According to the instrument of accession, the state of Jammu and Kashmir would join the Dominion of India, and Indian forces would protect the region from Pakistan`s invasion.

Consequences

The Hari Singh Kashmir Agreement had significant consequences for India and Pakistan. After the agreement, the United Nations Security Council passed Resolution 47, which called for a plebiscite to determine the region`s future. However, Pakistan did not agree to India`s demand for demilitarization before the plebiscite, and the plebiscite never took place. The Kashmir conflict has since become a bone of contention between India and Pakistan, leading to several wars between the two countries.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the Hari Singh Kashmir Agreement is a complex event that has had long-lasting consequences for India and Pakistan. Even today, the conflict over Kashmir remains unresolved. The significance of this event cannot be understated, as it has shaped the political and social landscape of South Asia. Understanding the context, events, and consequences of the agreement is essential to appreciate the circumstances leading up to the current state of affairs in the region.

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